The Primary Immuno deficiency (PID) is a state which causes death worldwide but it is a rare sickness to be seriously taken into consideration reason it has an international day.
Done every 4th February, the international day of the primary immuno deficiency is an event not to be neglected as it concerns the health domain. Indeed, the primary immunodeficiency (PID) is a state that can be defined as a weakening or loss of the human immune system.
This weakening can be seen via the disorder created in any part of the body’s immune system. The weakening or disorder is as a result of genetic malformation which is easily transmitted from mother to baby during pregnancy. “There are up to 50 different genetic mutation which can lead to PID” says Dr Cheboh Cho-fon.
As a result some children are born with the primary immunodeficiency. For example About 1 in 500 people in the United States are born with a primary immuno deficiency.
The PID is a very rare disease which has to be taken seriously as there are about 430 recognized cases of PID in the world for the year 2019 according to the website Wikipedia. The primary immuno deficiency is generally found in children but adults too.
According to Dr Cheboh Cho-fon, in the Cameroonian context, this deficiency should more be taken seriously because though it is still rare in Africa particularly Cameroon, it has nevertheless already been experienced in the country in a considerable range. In addition, in Cameroonian hospitals according to the same doctor, there are more cases of PID most especially in new born babies or 4-10 years children.
The major signs and symptoms of a PID is recurrent or persistent infections or sicknesses in a reduced time lapse. These signs and symptoms however depends on the nature, type of primary immunodeficiency.
The primary immuno deficiency international day has been created to raise awareness on this deficiency end sensitize the public. As targets of this day are the victims of the PID and the medicalsphere.